Your responses to the previous questions have been used to generate this report. The results are grouped here into five categories: extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, emotional stability, and openness. These categories represent the way that most people talk about personality and may therefore reflect cultural or social biases.
While many or all of these categories may look like words you typically use (even ones that often are accompanied with a value judgment) it is important to understand that these five factors are really labels used by psychologists to describe differences between people.
This is not psycho-analysis; the results presented here were created directly from your responses to the items. For that reason, it is unlikely that there should be a mis-match between our descriptions and how you or others view themselves. However, there is always room for error, and we would appreciate your feedback on our inventory and descriptions. Feedback can be left here.
The descriptions used here are borrowed from John Johnson, who hosts a page of descriptions . If you would like to learn more about the model of personality presented here, you can find an overview and a short bibliography
on the personality project website. We also discuss how to estimate the reliability of these results and show the distributions of scores from a sample of 50,000 people who have taken the survey.
Click here to see the distribution of scores for people in your same age group.
If you would like to learn more about the items we used to assess various aspects of your personality, please visit the table of items that we select from by clicking here.
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Your average score on extraversion was 4, which is considered average. It is in approximately the 60th percentile for females between 26 and 39 years old.
Your average score on Extraversion suggests that you are neither a subdued loner nor a jovial chatterbox. You enjoy time with others but also time alone.
Agreeableness reflects individual differences in concern with cooperation and social harmony. Agreeable individuals value getting along with others. They are therefore considerate, friendly, generous, helpful, and willing to compromise their interests for the sake of others'. Agreeable people also have an optimistic view of human nature. They believe people are basically honest, decent, and trustworthy.
Disagreeable individuals place self-interest above getting along with others. They are generally unconcerned with others' well-being, and therefore are unlikely to extend themselves for other people. Sometimes their skepticism about others' motives causes them to be suspicious, unfriendly, and uncooperative.
Agreeableness is obviously advantageous for attaining and maintaining popularity. Agreeable people are better liked than disagreeable people. On the other hand, agreeableness is not useful in situations that require tough or absolute objective decisions. Disagreeable people can make excellent scientists, critics, or soldiers.
Your average score on agreeableness was 5.4, which is considered high. It is in approximately the 90th percentile for females between 26 and 39 years old.
Your high level of Agreeableness indicates a strong interest in others' needs and well-being. You are pleasant, sympathetic, and cooperative.
Conscientiousness concerns the way in which we control, regulate, and direct our impulses. Impulses are not inherently bad; occasionally time constraints require a snap decision, and acting on our first impulse can be an effective response. Also, in times of play rather than work, acting spontaneously and impulsively can be fun. Impulsive individuals can be seen by others as colorful, fun-to-be-with, and zany.
Nonetheless, acting on impulse can lead to trouble in a number of ways. Some impulses are antisocial. Uncontrolled antisocial acts not only harm other members of society, but also can result in retribution toward the perpetrator of such impulsive acts. Another problem with impulsive acts is that they often produce immediate rewards but undesirable, long-term consequences. Examples include excessive socializing that leads to being fired from one's job, hurling an insult that causes the breakup of an important relationship, or using pleasure-inducing drugs that eventually destroy one's health.
Impulsive behavior, even when not seriously destructive, diminishes a person's effectiveness in significant ways. Acting impulsively does not allow for the consideration of alternative courses of action, some of which may be wiser than the impulsive choice. Impulsivity also sidetracks people during projects that require organized sequences of steps or stages. Accomplishments of an impulsive person are therefore small, scattered, and inconsistent.
A hallmark of intelligence -- an attribute that is often considered to separate humans from earlier life forms -- is the ability to evaluate likely consequences before acting on an impulse. Intelligent activity involves contemplation of long-range goals, organizing and planning routes to these goals, and persisting toward one's goals in the face of counter-productive impulses. The idea that intelligence involves impulse control is nicely captured by the term prudence, an alternative label for the Conscientiousness domain. Prudent means both wise and cautious. Persons who score high on the Conscientiousness scale are, in fact, perceived by others as intelligent.
The benefits of high conscientiousness are obvious. Conscientious individuals avoid trouble and achieve high levels of success through purposeful planning and persistence. They are also positively regarded by others as intelligent and reliable. On the negative side, they can be compulsive perfectionists and workaholics. Furthermore, extremely conscientious individuals might be regarded as stuffy and boring. Unconscientious people may be criticized for their unreliability, lack of ambition, and failure to stay within the lines, but they will experience many short-lived pleasures and they will never be called stuffy.
Your average score on conscientiousness was 2.5, which is considered low. It is in approximately the 1st percentile for females between 26 and 39 years old.
Your low score on Conscientiousness indicates that you like to live for the moment and do what feels good now. Your work tends to be careless and disorganized.
Emotional Stability Report
Emotional stability is the opposite of emotional reactivity, which is the tendency for one's emotional state to be highly responsive to both negative and positive situational cues. People low in emotional stability are emotionally reactive. They respond emotionally to events that would not affect most people, and their reactions tend to be more intense and consuming than normal. Low scorers are generally more sensitive, emotional and prone to feelings that are upsetting, such as anxiety or guilt. Their pattern of experience can be described as an 'emotional rollercoaster'. They often experience swiftly fluctuating emotions and are easily perturbed from a neutral state toward emotional extremes, such as elation and excitement or anger and agitation. These problems in emotional regulation can diminish one's ability to think clearly, make rational decisions, and cope effectively with stress.
At the other end of the scale, individuals who score high in emotional stability are less easily upset and are less emotionally reactive. They tend to be calm, emotionally stable, and free from persistent negative feelings. Freedom from negative feelings does not mean that high scorers experience a lot of positive feelings; frequency of positive emotions is a component of the Extraversion domain.
Your average score on emotional stability was 3.9, which is considered high. It is in approximately the 74th percentile for females between 26 and 39 years old.
Your high score on Emotional Stability indicates that you are calm, composed and unflappable. You do not react with intense emotions, even to situations that most people would describe as stressful.
Openness to Experience describes a dimension of cognitive style that distinguishes imaginative, creative people from down-to-earth, conventional people. Open people are intellectually curious, appreciative of art, and sensitive to beauty. Compared to closed people, they tend to be more aware of their feelings. They tend to think and act in individualistic and non-conforming ways. Intellectuals typically score high on Openness to Experience; consequently, this factor has also been called Culture or Intellect. Nonetheless, Intellect is probably best regarded as one aspect of Openness to Experience. Scores on Openness to Experience are only modestly related to years of education and scores on standard intelligent tests.
Another characteristic of the open cognitive style is a facility for thinking in symbols and abstractions far removed from concrete experience. Depending on the individual's specific intellectual abilities, this symbolic cognition may take the form of mathematical, logical, or geometric thinking, artistic and metaphorical use of language, music composition or performance, or one of the many visual or performing arts. People with low scores on Openness to Experience tend to have narrow, common interests. They prefer the plain, straightforward, and obvious over the complex, ambiguous, and subtle. They may regard the arts and sciences with suspicion, regarding these endeavors as abstruse or of no practical use. Closed people prefer familiarity over novelty; they are conservative and resistant to change.
Openness is often presented as healthier or more mature by psychologists, who are often themselves Open to Experience. However, open and closed styles of thinking are useful in different environments. The intellectual style of the open person may serve a professor well, but research has shown that closed thinking is related to superior job performance in police work, sales, and a number of service occupations.
Your average score on openness was 5, which is considered high. It is in approximately the 89th percentile for females between 26 and 39 years old.
Your high score on Openness to Experience indicates that you enjoy novelty, variety, and change. You are curious, imaginative, and creative.
Report on Cognitive Ability Items
The average score on the cognitive ability items is 5.7 correct responses out of 12. This average is only a guideline however as each participant is given a slightly different group of questions and the questions vary in difficulty. In other words, each participant will randomly receive a set of items that may be more or less difficult than average. The average score shown above reflects the overall average instead of the average of the specific items taken by any one participant.
We also encourage participants to consider that this is not intended to serve as a replacement for a standard IQ test. This test differs from some of the most widely used measures in terms of brevity and the fact that it is administered online without a time limit in an un-proctored setting. It is important to take these factors into account when comparing your performance against the average.
While there are several competing theories in cognitive ability research, there is also growing consensus that abilities are best organized "hierarchically". In other words, each of the many different methods for measuring cognitive abilities presumably requires a different set of skills and these methods are typically organized according to similarities among the tasks/skills involved. On the most narrow level, it is often difficult to distinguish between the skills used to accomplish a given task, but on the broadest level (at the top of the hierarchy), general skill sets are more plainly evident. For example, the skills required for different types of verbal tasks are more similar than those required for verbal and spatial tasks.
This test includes several different types of measures and we are actively working to develop more. In order to keep the test short, each participant is only administered a subset of the question types. Current question types include Alphanumeric Series, Matrix Reasoning, Cube Rotations, and Verbal-Educational (which includes general knowledge, logic and arithmetic questions).
We recognize that many participants would like to know the correct responses for these cognitive ability items, but we do not currently make this information available in order to maintain the validity of the questions.
We hope that you enjoyed taking our personality inventory and encourage you to share it with others.